Category Archives: Training

Basic Training 2018

Our fall G-317 course kicks off next Thursday evening, September 6th, and continues weekly through October 25th plus a disaster simulation on Saturday, October 27th.

At the end of October, we expect to add 20+ new members to the Allen CERT family. As always, existing members are always welcome to attend any of the classes for refresher training or just to observe/assist.

As a reminder, the sequence of modules has been reordered this year to optimize the learning path. For the full schedule, visit our calendar.

Disaster Simulation

This year our disaster simulation will be held October 27th. We are on track for this to be as big as last year!! Great news for our program!

If you are interested in helping out this year, please reply to the simulation email box below. We will start meeting toward the end of August and meet once a week for an hour ahead of the simulation. The time commitment is not huge, just be aware that the week or two right before the simulation will require a little extra time.

simulation@allentxcert.org

Damage Assessment Recap

Last week, we had the pleasure of hosting meteorology and damage assessment experts Tim Marshall and Carson Eads at Central Fire Station. Their presentation was both intriguing and eye-opening. In Ken Langley’s words:

The training brought together members from the Plano, McKinney and Allen CERT teams to hear Carson Eads and Tim Marshall talk about a real world case study from the 2015 tornadoes in the Dallas area. Tim has a master’s degree in both meteorology and structural engineering which enables him to view storms and storm damage from a unique perspective. Tim stated that building codes require structures to withstand 90 mile per hour wind when measured at 10 meters. These codes have very specific requirements for attaching building to the slabs, securing the 2nd floor of homes and roof construction. However; for economic reasons, many homes and building do not always comply to all the code requirements. Tim and Carson showed numerous examples of small mistakes during construction that may not be detected by an inspector can result in a home or building that while it looks good may not be able to withstand wind forces generated by relatively small wind or tornado events. Once the sheet rock is installed, it becomes very expensive to check or correct the problems.

During our basic training, we are taught that a CERT team should always assess damage before entering a building or home and only enter a structure with light or moderate damage. This training highlighted how a structure may appear to have only light or moderate damage yet due to construction short falls, would be unsafe to enter.

The big takeaway from this training was; if your team decides to enter a damaged structure, be very cautious to not step on or move building materials that may be supporting walls or other parts of the structure.

A big thanks to Carson and Tim for sharing their expertise, to Plano and McKinney CERT for joining us, and to Ken Langley for organizing the event.

100 Deadly Skills for a Disaster

Pick up some tips & tricks, and meet a celebrity!

Plano CERT is hosting the one-and-only Clint Emerson on October 16th, 6:30 PM, at the Plano OEM, and they have extended the invitation to Allen CERT.

Clint Emerson is a Navy Seal, business owner, best-selling author, and survival instructor. His book, 100 Deadly Skills was on the New York Times Best Seller list and he travels the world teaching everyday folks how to increase their chances of surviving the worst day of their lives.

He is visiting Plano CERT to share, what he calls, “100 Deadly Skills in a Disaster”.

Space Is Limited

…so register now by emailing Judith Aubrey at juditha@plano.gov with the following information:

  • First and Last Name
  • Jurisdiction (Allen CERT)

 

Damage Assessment Training

On Monday, August 20, special guest Tim Marshall (pictured above) will share industry standards for assessing and reporting damage in a disaster response. In addition, he will share what he has learned from years of experience in the psychology aspect of a post-disaster scene.

Tim Marshall began his career in meteorology and disaster response in the early 80’s and has worked for Haag Engineering, NOAA, and the National Weather Service. He was on the team that developed the Enhanced Fujita scale and has contributed to many other national initiatives and innovations.

He is looking forward to sharing his expertise with other emergency response organizations and we are very lucky to have made his schedule. Please plan to attend this practical training that will directly impact our capabilities when called upon. The class will take place at Allen Central Fire Station, 6:30 pm – 8:30 pm.

Note: This event is intended for active members of the Allen Community Emergency Response Team. If you are interested in attending, but not a member, please send an email to info@allentxcert.org to check availability. 

DIY Yagi Antenna – From a Tape Measure!

A Yagi antenna is a type of “Beam” antenna.  Beam antennas are designed to be directional.  Off to the sides and the back of them, the reception and transmission are poor.  But from the front of them the signal is concentrated for reception and transmission.  Yagi antennas can be made with numerous elements giving increasing gain with each element.  Or they can be made with just three elements, a Reflector element, a Driven element and a Director element.  One can use numerous materials to make one but a couple of Ham’s came up with the idea to use 1” wide steel Tape Measure for the elements to provide some portability and weight savings as these can be hand held and used that way.

VHF Model

UHF model 

The two designs we will look at are from N5YM and WB2HOL.  With permission I will relate their information on how to build a UHF and VHF model Tape Measure antenna.  First let me introduce the VHF model as construction is almost identical with either model.  The full web site can be viewed here:

http://theleggios.net/wb2hol/projects/rdf/tape_bm.htm

Materials needed

Item

Est. Price

24.5” of ½” PVC Schedule 40 pipe 1.30
(2) ½” PVC cross pieces 2.60
(1) ½” Pipe “T”  .65
(9.5) 1” wide Tape Measure 4.20
(2) 1 ½” Hose Clamps 7.00
Cable from antenna to radio
TOTAL 17.55

 

As you can see the antenna can be constructed for less than $20 in parts.  The (?) at the cable price is due to the fact not everyone has the same radio and antenna connection.  They do make adapters and adapter cables that will allow mating different connectors.

WB2HOL design 

Since I had never seen any plans for an antenna using elements made from 1 inch wide steel “tape measure,” I had to do the design myself. To assist in the design I used a shareware computer aided yagi design program written by Paul McMahon VK3DIP. It allowed me to optimize the antenna for the cleanest pattern combined with the best front-to-back ratio.

When I first built this beam I found it needed a matching network of some kind to have a low SWR. My first attempt was a Gamma match. This was unwieldy. The driven element could barely handle the weight and the Gamma match itself was not very flexible. The best matching network turned out to be a “hairpin match.” This is simply a 5 inch length of wire that is connected across the feed points of the driven element. The antenna has some capacitive reactance without the matching network. The 5 inch length of wire has just enough inductance to cancel the capacitive reactance. This resulted in a better match than anything else I had tried.

The wire I used for the hairpin match was enamel insulated 18 gauge solid. Other hams who have duplicated this beam have used just about anything they had on hand. 14 gauge house wire works well, so does a length of 22 gauge hookup wire. It does not seem to matter if it is stranded or solid, use whatever you have available. This results in a very good match across the two meter band once you have adjusted the distance between the halves of the driven element for minimum SWR. (1 inch apart on my prototype).

I used a pair of shears to cut the tape measure elements to length. An old pair of scissors will probably do as well. No matter how you cut the elements be very careful. Those edges are very sharp and will inflict a nasty cut if you are careless. Use some sandpaper to remove the really sharp edges and burrs resulting from cutting the elements to size. I put some vinyl electrical tape on the ends of the elements to protect myself from getting cut. I encourage you to do the same. It will probably be best if you round the corners of the elements once you cut them. Wear safety glasses while cutting the elements. Those bits of tape measure can be hazardous.

The RG58 coax feedline is connected directly to the driven element. No matter what method you use to attach the feedline, make sure you scrape or sand the paint off the tape measure element where the feedline is attached. Most tape measures have a very durable paint finish designed to stand up to heavy use. You do not want the paint to insulate your feedline connection.

If you are careful, It is possible to solder the feedline to the element halves. Care must be taken since the steel tape measure does not solder easily and since the PVC supports are easily melted. You might want to tin the tape measure elements before mounting them to the PVC cross.

If you decide not to solder to the tape measure elements, there are two other methods that have been used to attach the feedline. One method employs ring terminals on the end of the feedline. The ring terminals are then secured under self tapping screws which hold the driven element halves. This method does not allow you to tune the antenna by moving the halves of the driven element. 6-32 bolts and nuts could be used if holes are drilled in the elements near the ends. If the bolt heads are placed nearest the PVC fitting, you could secure ring-terminals with nuts and lock washers. Another possibility is to simply slide the ends of the feedline under the driven element hose clamps and tighten the clamps to hold the ends of the coax. I know this is low-tech, but it works just fine.

Figure 1 – Driven element support construction: Stainless steel hose clamps are used to attach the driven element halves to the PVC cross which acts as its support. This has the added benefit of allowing you to fine tune your antenna for lowest SWR simply by loosening the hose clamps and sliding the halves of the driven element either closer or further apart. By using the dimensions specified, I found that the SWR was 1:1 at 146.565 Mhz (our Fox-Hunt frequency) when the two elements were spaced approximately 1 inch apart. Figure 1 shows the method used to attach the driven element to the PVC cross.

I used 1 1/2 inch hose clamps to attach all the elements on my prototype beam. Others who have duplicated my design have used self tapping screws to attach the elements to the PVC crosses and tees. Performance is the same using either method. The screws are much less expensive but they do not hold the elements as securely. If you do not use 1/2 inch PVC fittings but instead use 3/4 inch, make sure the hose clamps you buy are large enough to fit.

If you wish a slightly neater looking beam, use the self tapping screws. If you do not mind spending a few more dollars for the hose clamps, use them instead. If I were to build another beam I would use screws for the director and reflector, and hose clamps for the driven element. That would give me the best of both methods.

Rubber faucet washers have been used by some builders between the tape measure element and the PVC fittings on the director and reflector. These allow for the tape to fit the contour of the PVC fitting and will make the antenna look better. Now you know what to do with those washers left over from the assortment you once purchased; You know the ones I mean, the washers that do not fit the faucets you have in your house. If you are an apartment dweller, ask around, these things are stashed in almost every homeowners basement or garage.

Construction

Cut a length of tape measure to 41 3/8 inches. It will be the Reflector element. Cut two lengths of tape measure to 17 3/4 inches. These will be used for the Driven element. Cut one length of tape measure to 35 1/8 inches. It will be used for the Director. Once you have cut the tape measure to length, put vinyl tape on the cut ends to protect yourself from the sharp edges. You will want to scrape or sand off the paint from one end of each of the driven element halves so you can make a good electrical connection to the feedline.

If you are planning to solder the feedline to the driven elements it is best to tin the elements first before attaching them to the PVC cross. If you don’t, the PVC will melt as you apply heat to the element. It would be a good idea to also take the time to form the wire used for the hairpin match into a “U” shape with the two legs of the “U” about 3/4 inch apart. Tin the ends of the hairpin if you plan on soldering it to the driven element. If you tin 1/4 inch of each end of the hairpin it will leave 4 1/2 inches to shape into the “U”.

You will need to cut two lengths of PVC pipe to use as the boom. One should be cut to 11 1/2 inches. It is used to form the boom between the Director and the driven element. The other piece of PVC should be cut to 7 inches. It will be used between the Reflector and the Driven element. Just about any saw will cut through the soft PVC pipe. I used a hacksaw. When we mass produced this antenna as a club project, we marked the pipe and used a portable jig saw to cut the lengths in assembly line fashion. It took longer to measure the pipe than to actually make the cuts. Since the pipe is available in ten foot lengths, you can make a few beams from a single 10 foot length. In any case, you might want to cut a few extras lengths for your friends. They will want to duplicate this once they see your completed antenna.

At this time you can pre-assemble the PVC boom, crosses and tee which will support the tape measure elements. I did not use any cement or glue when I assembled mine. The PVC pipe is secured in the fittings with a friction fit.

The hose clamps I used are stainless steel and have a worm-drive screw which is used to tighten them. They are about 1/2 inch wide and are adjustable from 11/16 inch to 1 1/2 inch diameter. Attach the tape measure elements to the PVC fittings as shown in the accompanying drawing. It is normal for the Reflector and Director elements to buckle a bit as it is tightened to the PVC Tee and Cross. You can eliminate this buckle if you use the washers and self tapping screws to attach these elements instead of the hose clamps. I do not think the beam will withstand as rough a treatment as when hose clamps are used.

N5YM UHF Model 

This diagram is all that is needed to assemble a UHF model Yagi antenna.  The dimensions are right on the money to resonate at our CERT repeater frequency so it works extremely well.  I have taken my UV-82HP and even on low power I can hit our Repeater from the far Northwest and Northeast corners of Allen.  The UHF model is extremely lightweight and can be hand held easily. Each antenna can still be fitted with a clamp style tripod mount so it can be tripod mounted and the tripod can control the direction and angle of use.

The below diagram shows the use of cable ties on the Reflector and Director elements.  These can be used on the VHF model as well to help reduce weight.  I used them.

To help make the elements safer and easier to transport the diagram calls for the use of Black electrical type tape over the sharp cut edges of the tape measure.  I used the Fuzzy side of Velcro as it is thicker to prevent cuts and it can be used as an attaching point to bend the elements over to the center pieces for more compact transport or storage.

I had shared these designs with an upcoming CERT member, Kelly Cunningham.  He is a licensed radio operator, KC5HAM, and he and Jim Longley built themselves one of each.  I asked Kelly if I could share the images and he approved their use.  He made some slight modifications to the antenna by adding a handle bar grip to the antenna which allows easy holding and directing.  They ran the cable up through the center of the boom too which neat’s the package up nicely.

The antennas work extremely well.  With the VHF model and my HT from my living room I could hit a Denton Repeater 28 miles away!  I went outside and pointed it North and hit a Sherman repeater once with it at 38 miles away.  So you can see the increase in range that a “beam” type antenna can provide.  The antennas are made from inexpensive parts available at local hardware stores except for the cable and connectors.  Amazon can help in that area or locally HRO in Plano has many premade cables and adapters that will work.

If anyone needs help with the soldering part I can meet them somewhere or come to your home to help in that area.  If there is enough interest we could possibly do a CE class and build some of these.  Does anyone have a chop saw?  Doing the hacksaw cuts takes time plus a vice is usually required.  One 25’ tape Measure will make (2) UHF models and (2) VHF models.  Harbor Freight gives these away for free with a coupon.  I bought one at Home Depot for $11 and got (4) antennas out of it.  I encourage everyone to give these antennas a try.  They are cheap and easy to make with hand tools and they add so much in the range category for our HT radios.

73’s,

William, N5WOI

FEMA Releases Revised IS-100.c And IS-700.b Courses

FEMA has just released two revised online NIMS courses a couple days ago:

 IS-100.c, An Introduction to the Incident Command System, ICS 100
This course introduces the Incident Command System (ICS) and provides the foundation for higher level ICS training. The course describes the history, features and principles, and organizational structure of the Incident Command System. It also explains the relationship between ICS and the National Incident Management System (NIMS).
 
IS-100.c, An Introduction to the Incident Command System, ICS 100
This course provides an overview of NIMS. NIMS defines the comprehensive approach guiding the whole community – all levels of government, nongovernmental organizations (NGO), and the private sector – to work together seamlessly to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from the effects of incidents. The course provides learners with a basic understanding of NIMS concepts, principles, and components.

Together, these two online courses form the foundation of NIMS training for all incident personnel.

 The classroom versions of IS-100.c and IS-700.b are also under revision and will be released later this summer.
 
Please note that IS-100.c and IS-700.b are updated versions of the IS-100.b and IS-700.a courses. If you have successfully completed a previous version of these courses there is no FEMA requirement to take the revised versions of the courses. However, because these courses contain new information based on the revised NIMS, October 2017, you may find it informative to review the new versions of these courses.

Disaster Animal Response: Recap and Part II

In case you missed it, our Disaster Animal Response class was split into two parts.

In Part I, we discussed the elements that animals add to disaster response planning and operations, as well as pet owner preparedness best practices. This class had a wonderful turnout and very positive feedback. Our instructor, Debi Michnick (Allen Animal Control Supervisor), walked us through animal behavior and early aggression indicators. She was even gracious enough to prepare and distribute disaster pet preparedness plans for us to take home.

If you missed Part I, don’t worry, you can still attend Part II! Our next session is scheduled for July 16th, same time and place – 6:30 at Central. In the next class, Debi will be teaching us techniques for handling animals in a disaster scene. Expect a very interactive experience with hands-on demonstrations.

No registration is necessary, simply show up by 6:30 to take advantage of this incredible training opportunity.

Basic Training Updates

You spoke, we listened!

Our team of instructors has been meeting weekly for the past couple months to re-evaluate our Basic Training curriculum to ensure we continue to provide the best-in-class experience that the City of Allen is known for.

While we still have some some decisions to make, here are  some changes our future classes will have to look  forward to, based on your feedback:

  • Shorter classroom time
  • More hands-on exercises
  • Combined class with more instructor involvement
  • Upgraded nametags/IDs with digital sign-in capabilities
  • Rearranged syllabus to better align with end-to-end CERT response

Remember, our annual Basic Training is open to existing CERT members; Whether you’re looking for refresher training or want to help out.

We are excited to employee these changes and meet our 2018 class in August for orientation!

Disaster Animal Response Training

June 14, 6:30 PM

You asked for it! Since cancelling the class last July, we have been pursuing another opportunity to delivery this training due to popular demand. Well, the wait is over!

The Allen Animal Shelter will join us at Central Station on Thursday, June 14th, 6;30 – 8:30 PM to teach us the important considerations of pet emergency preparedness and handling animals during disaster response operations.

Seating is limited so RSVP today!

Amateur Radio Class & Exam

May 19 – May 20, 2018

The Plano Amateur Radio Club will be presenting a Technician level amateur radio class on May 19th and 20th, 2018. The class will be held at the Allen Central Fire Station training center, which is located at 310 Century Parkway, in Allen TX.  As always the class is free, the EXAM is $14.00 cash. We are looking at a timeframe of 8:00am- 5:00pm on Saturday and 8:00am- 3:00pm on Sunday, with the EXAM  starting  at 3:00 pm on Sunday.  Limited parking should be available  on the north side of the fire station. Additional parking is available across the street (Century Parkway), at the City of Allen municipal complex.

To prepare for this class, we urge you to pick up a copy of the Ham Radio School’s Technician Class study guide prior to the class, and read through the course material at least once. If you prepare by reading through the study guide, and marking any items that you have questions about, and then pay attention and ask questions during the two day training class, there is an excellent probability that you will pass the exam with a high score.  Other Technician License Study Guides are available locally at the Ham Radio Outlet store 701 E. Plano Parkway Suite 406, across the street from Fry’s Electronics in Plano.

A government issued photo ID will be required to take the exam on Sunday afternoon (FCC Requirement).  Other amateur radio class exams (General,Extra) will also be available for those wishing to take those exams. For these advanced exams, you will need to bring a copy of your current amateur radio license.

 To register for this class…

or if you have additional questions, please send an email to Mike Pruden at NN5ZZ@ARRL.NET. Please provide:

  • Name (first and last)
  • Email Address
  • Phone Number

so we can contact you with any questions.